This post shows how you can retrieve all window titles in Microsoft Windows using Python’s ctypes module. Moreover, it also acts as a ctypes tutorial, showing how to create and use callback functions.
The following is the full code. Keep reading if you want to understand how it works. (Note: If you are reading this as a ctypes tutorial and are having trouble following the explanation, you may want to go through my previous tutorial first.)
import ctypes EnumWindows = ctypes.windll.user32.EnumWindows EnumWindowsProc = ctypes.WINFUNCTYPE(ctypes.c_bool, ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_int), ctypes.POINTER(ctypes.c_int)) GetWindowText = ctypes.windll.user32.GetWindowTextW GetWindowTextLength = ctypes.windll.user32.GetWindowTextLengthW IsWindowVisible = ctypes.windll.user32.IsWindowVisible titles =  def foreach_window(hwnd, lParam): if IsWindowVisible(hwnd): length = GetWindowTextLength(hwnd) buff = ctypes.create_unicode_buffer(length + 1) GetWindowText(hwnd, buff, length + 1) titles.append(buff.value) return True EnumWindows(EnumWindowsProc(foreach_window), 0) print(titles)