This post explores one of the capabilities of the PyICU library, namely its text transformation module. Specifically, we’ll look at the simplest use case: transliterating text into Latin script.
Say you are given a list of phrases, names, titles, whatever, in a script that you can’t read. You want to be able to differentiate them, but how, when they all look like random lines and curves? Well, let’s turn them into Latin characters!
>>> import icu >>> tr = icu.Transliterator.createInstance('Any-Latin; Title').transliterate >>> tr('Ἀριστοτέλης, Πλάτων, Σωκράτης') 'Aristotélēs, Plátōn, Sōkrátēs'
There we go. Even if you still can’t pronounce these names correctly, at least they’re hopefully easier to recognise because they are now in a script that you are more used to reading (unless you’re Greek, of course).
'Any-Latin; Title' means we want to transliterate from any script to Latin, then convert it to title case. If that’s too simple, the ICU documentation has the gory details of all the supported transforms.
Do not rely on the output as pronunciation guide unless you know what you’re doing. For example, the Korean character 꽃 is transliterated by ICU as kkoch to keep it reversible, even though the word certainly does not sound like the gunmaker’s nor Kochie’s last names, and definitely not like the synonym for rooster (the modern romanisation, which matches closer to the correct pronunciation, is kkot).
The transliteration of Han characters (shared between Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) uses Chinese Pinyin, and thus may not resemble the Japanese and Korean romanisations at all. This makes the transliteration of many Japanese texts particularly awful.
>>> tr('日本国') # "Nippon-koku" = Japan 'Rì Běn Guó'
Oops, that could start an Internet war. Use a different library if you are primarily dealing with Japanese text.
Another unfortunate thing with ICU is that there are still scripts that it doesn’t support at all. For example, it can’t transliterate to/from Javanese.
>>> tr('ꦫꦩꦏꦮꦸꦭꦲꦶꦁꦱ꧀ꦮꦂꦒ') 'ꦫꦩꦏꦮꦸꦭꦲꦶꦁꦱ꧀ꦮꦂꦒ'
Maybe one day.